Nomenclature refers the process of naming
things. It stands to reason then that botanical
nomenclature would be the process of giving
names to plants. It is a separate and distinct
process from taxonomy but the two are
Technically taxonomy is the forming of groups;
the identification and classifying of organisms
into units referred to as taxa. The resulting
"taxonomy" is a particular classification
arranged in a hierarchical structure.
Remember "High School Biology" : Kingdom,
Phylum (Division for plants), Class, Order,
Family, Genus and Species. Plant taxonomy
being concerned with grouping and classifying
plants; botanical nomenclature then provides
names for the results of this process.
The rules and regulations governing botanical
nomenclature are determined by the
International Botanical Congress. Since the
early 1980's the congress has issued a new
code ( the International Code of Nomenclature
for algae, fungi and plants) every six years.
Each issue supersedes its predecessor. The
story is not quite as universal or straight
forward for taxonomy.