Cutflower Nomenclature

Scientific/Botanical Name

Genus: Helianthus

Specie: H. Annuus

Variety/Cultivar: over 70 varieties

English Name:


Common Name


Botanical Family

Name in Latin: Asteraceae

Name in English: Aster

The Plant

Origin: Native to North America sunflower was first domesticated in Mesoamerica, present day Mexico, by at least 2600 BC.

Growth Habit: from seed, annual erect broad leafed plant with strong tap root and prolific lateral spread of surface roots

Flower: usually single head ( the head is not a single flower but made up of one to two thousand individual flowers joined by a common receptacle : yellow, orange red, brown and cream.

Blooming Period: available as import year round, Vancouver local June thru October

Leaf: deltoid, triangular, broad coarsely toothed, rough. Leaves follow (phototropic) the sun (not the flowers)


Excellent for focal point in design. Large heads require extra support, armature, or mechanics.

Care and Handling

Lasting Quality: 7-10 days

Amount of water: fill vase

Nutrition: floral preservative

Special handling: condition immediately, remove most leaves, shipped flowers may need head support during conditioning, avoid heat, direct sunlight, and drafts.

Special feature/remarks:

Excellent example of Fibonacci