Cutflower Nomenclature

Scientific/Botanical Name

Genus: Dianthus

Specie: D. caryophyllus

Variety/Cultivar:

English Name:

Carnation (the wild ancestor of the garden carnation

Common Name

carn

Botanical Family

Name in Latin: Caryophyllaceae

Name in English: pink family

The Plant

Origin: Mediterranean region

Growth Habit: herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall.

Flower: the flowers are produced singly or up to five together in a cyme; they are 3–5 cm diameter, and sweetly scented; the original natural flower colour is bright pinkish-purple

Blooming Period: summer

Leaf: The leaves are glaucous greyish green to blue-green, slender, up to 15 cm long

Usage:

you can bind them together in bunches with ribbon and lean against vase sides at crazy angles; crowd them together in large numbers in tall glass vases; float in wide bowls or as a collection of small bouquets fringed by attractive round leaves. Carnations can easily tempt you into having a go! The new methods of arranging are based on simplicity and exuberance.

Care and Handling

Lasting Quality: 15-25 days

Amount of water: average

Nutrition: preservative

Special handling: remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place into a fresh flower food solution. This species almost always responds well to under water cutting. Water stress symptoms are often hidden even though the flowers are being damaged. Specifically, water stress conditions can stimulate an earlier production of ethylene production enzymes that can become even more active after rehydration. Therefore, ethylene action inhibitors (but not synthesis inhibitors) can reduced the ethylene mediated negative effects associated with water stress. • ingestion may cause minor illness. Frequent handling may cause dermatitis.

Special feature/remarks:

Probably the most popular cut flower; native to Eurasia, first being mentioned in use in garlands by classical Greeks and Romans; named for the Greek dios refering to the god Zeus, and anthos meaning flower, refering to the "flower of the gods"; originally beginning on Long Island in this country in 1852 with imported French carnations, the industry was centered in the Northeast until the middle of this century; most world production is now near Bogota, Columbia with some residual production in Colorado and California and additional world production from Israel, Kenya and Spain. Cool mountainous regions with high light produce the best growing climates, with moderate climates enabling low-cost outdoor, minimally covered production.